Plant Transcription Factor Database
Previous version: v3.0
Dianthus caryophyllus
ERF Family
Species TF ID Description
Dca10360.1ERF family protein
Dca11198.1ERF family protein
Dca11199.1ERF family protein
Dca12450.1ERF family protein
Dca16525.1ERF family protein
Dca17458.1ERF family protein
Dca17620.1ERF family protein
Dca18980.1ERF family protein
Dca19668.1ERF family protein
Dca19668.2ERF family protein
Dca21114.1ERF family protein
Dca21337.1ERF family protein
Dca23216.1ERF family protein
Dca23859.1ERF family protein
Dca26769.1ERF family protein
Dca2902.1ERF family protein
Dca32515.1ERF family protein
Dca35739.1ERF family protein
Dca3623.1ERF family protein
Dca38307.1ERF family protein
Dca39736.1ERF family protein
Dca39896.1ERF family protein
Dca42253.1ERF family protein
Dca43835.1ERF family protein
Dca46517.1ERF family protein
Dca46964.1ERF family protein
Dca4734.1ERF family protein
Dca48192.1ERF family protein
Dca51601.1ERF family protein
Dca52842.1ERF family protein
Dca54191.1ERF family protein
Dca55626.1ERF family protein
Dca56998.1ERF family protein
Dca57004.1ERF family protein
Dca57446.1ERF family protein
Dca57583.1ERF family protein
Dca61124.1ERF family protein
Dca61162.1ERF family protein
Dca62148.1ERF family protein
ERF Family Introduction

The AP2/ERF superfamily is defined by the AP2/ERF domain, which consists of about 60 to 70 amino acids and is involved in DNA binding. These three families have been defined as follows. The AP2 family proteins contain two repeated AP2/ERF domains, the ERF family proteins contain a single AP2/ERF domain, and the RAV family proteins contain a B3 domain, which is a DNA-binding domain conserved in other plant-specific transcription factors, in addition to the single AP2/ERF domain.

It has been demonstrated that the AP2/ERF proteins have important functions in the transcriptional regulation of a variety of biological processes related to growth and development, as well as various responses to environmental stimuli.

After finding the tobacco ERFs, many proteins in the ERF family were identified and implicated in many diverse functions in cellular processes, such as hormonal signal transduction, response to biotic and abiotic stresses, regulation of metabolism, and in developmental processes in various plant species.

Toshitsugu Nakano, Kaoru Suzuki, Tatsuhito Fujimura, and Hideaki Shinshi.
Genome-wide analysis of the ERF gene family in Arabidopsis and rice.
Plant Physiol, 2006. 140(2): p. 411-32.
PMID: 16407444

The first class are proteins which bind to ethylene response elements (ERE) or GCC boxes (tobacco EREBPs, Arabidopsis AtEBP and AtERF1-5, and tomato Pti4-6) found in the promoters of ethylene-inducible pathogenesis related genes. The GCC box is an 11 bp sequence (TAAGAGCCGCC) with a core GCCGCC sequence that is required for binding.
The second class includes proteins that bind to the C-repeat or dehydration response element (DRE) in the promoters of genes that are turned on in response to low temperatures and/or water deficit (CBF1, CBF2, CBF3/DREB1A and DREB2A). The C-repeat/DREs contain the core sequence CCGAC.

Nole-Wilson S, Krizek BA.
DNA binding properties of the Arabidopsis floral development protein AINTEGUMENTA.
Nucleic Acids Res. 2000 Nov 1;28(21):4076-82. Erratum in: Nucleic Acids Res 2001 Mar 1;29(5):1261.
PMID: 11058102